Types of kitchens according to their layout
It is safe to say that the kitchen is the most visited and used room in the house. It is a place where people cook, eat and even work. In addition, it is usually a regular meeting point for the inhabitants of the house and the scene of daily conversations as well as important ones. Today we would like to talk to you about the types of kitchens depending on their layout.
It is clear that the available space will be the most decisive factor in deciding on one model or another. However, when it comes to planning the project, it is advisable to pay attention to more questions.
As in almost all interior design and decoration projects, it is necessary to define the needs of the users, specify their tastes and enhance the functionality of the space.
In addition, it is important to know how the kitchen will be used and how many people will move around in it. This last issue refers to the work triangle that we will define later on.
Finally, all these technical and usability issues must be combined with a pleasant and attractive aesthetic. Once these aspects have been defined, the available space will be decisive.
At Molins we have developed projects that have allowed us to design the 6 types of kitchens that exist. Each one has its own particularities and offers multipurpose and functional spaces.
The work triangle in different types of kitchens
When talking about kitchens, it is important to know an important term such as the work triangle. In any type of kitchen there are 3 different work areas:
Cooking zone: this is the area where the cooking elements are usually located, whether it is a vitroceramic hob, gas hob or a concealed induction system, as well as the oven.
Water zone: this area is usually occupied by the sink and dishwasher. It is the area where kitchen items are cleaned or food is washed.
Storage area: this is where the refrigerator and cupboards are located for
Well, each zone is the vertex of a triangle and the displacement from one to the other draws the 3 imaginary lines of the triangle. Ideally, the sum of these three sides should not exceed 8 metres.
A lower figure will be proof that the movements from one area to another are short and agile. If the distance is greater than this, it can become an uncomfortable space. It is clear that different types of kitchens offer different displacements and, in the case of the in-line kitchen, the triangle is transformed into a straight line.
Basic measures for kitchen layout
Before describing the different types of kitchens depending on their layout, we would like to give you some basic numbers and measurements.
Usual width of drawer units and cupboards: 60 cm.
Height of the worktop from the floor: 90 cm.
Gap between the worktop and the lower part of the upper cabinets: 60 cm.
Space between worktop and extractor hood: 70 cm.
Horizontal distance between the hob and the sink: at least 50 cm.
These are indicative measurements that may vary by a few centimetres and usually offer comfortable and functional dimensions.
Types of kitchens
Taking into account the measurements defined in the previous point, we will now describe the different types of kitchens based on their layout.
The in-line kitchen is the most traditional model. It has a simple layout and only 1 wall is used. The furniture and appliances are arranged in line on it. Normally, it is the most affordable model.
It is undoubtedly the ideal type of kitchen for long, narrow spaces. In this case, the work triangle is transformed into a straight line. The cooking and cleaning area is usually located in the centre and ideally there should be a minimum distance of 50 cm between the two areas. This will make movement much easier and provide working space between one element and the other.
The storage area should be located at one end of the line. The best solution is to place high cupboards and look for creative solutions such as hooks and wall brackets. However, if you are thinking of opening up the living room, it is better to opt for smaller cupboards so as not to overload the space.
Molins Design’s advice on electrical appliances for in-line kitchens is that they should be integrated. In addition, it is best to place the oven and microwave in a column.
Among the different types of kitchen, the in-line model is the easiest to clean.
The L type kitchen is arranged on 2 walls and needs a large space to be able to distribute it correctly. Normally, it is easy to set up an area with a table and chairs for daily meals or breakfast. It can even be opened to the living room very easily by adapting the decoration so that both rooms are perfectly integrated.
The cooking and cleaning areas should be located in the longest and widest front. This means that the hob and sink should occupy the same wall. Here, too, a minimum of 50 cm should be kept between the two elements. Obviously, the storage area with drawers and cupboards will be placed on the narrower front.
This is a very visually appealing type of kitchen because it combines convenience with functionality so well. Corner cabinets increase the available space even more and can be used with swivel or pull-out units.
The working triangle should be between 4 and 8 metres. If it exceeds this size, it can be uncomfortable because it will have to be moved around a lot for correct use.
As for cleaning, it is somewhat more complicated than the in-line model. The reason is to be found in the corner cabinets and in the larger surface area.
2-line or parallel kitchen
The 2-wall kitchen is built on 2 walls and usually one wall faces the other. Ideally, there should be a space of at least 120 cm between the two layouts. This makes it easy to move around and allows users to move freely. It should also be borne in mind that this space should never exceed 270 cm. If it is greater than this distance, movements will become uncomfortable and too long, extending the working triangle in a detrimental way.
This type of layout is best for medium-sized kitchens. The washing and cooking areas should be placed on the same line to gain convenience between the hob and the sink. The storage space is located on the opposite line.
Cleaning is not complicated because, being straight lines, there are no corner cupboards, corners or nooks and crannies. In addition, it is a type of kitchen that can be easily opened to the living room on one side.
The U-shaped kitchen occupies 3 walls and needs a large space to achieve a functional and attractive design. The working triangle is between 4 and 8 metres and accessibility is total. For this reason, it is usually the preferred type of kitchen for cooks. Here, the distances are shorter and the movements are quicker.
The sink and hob should be located at the shortest front. The longer sides are used for storage space. This type of kitchen is very spacious and offers many possibilities in terms of capacity. The corners should certainly be used to advantage by installing corner cabinets with pull-out and swivel dispensers.
The budget for the U-shaped kitchen is usually higher, but the layout is perfect for large families.
All areas should be well lit and lamps in the lower profiles of the cabinets are a good solution. In this case, the spot lighting should be combined with technical lighting in the ceiling.
The G-shaped kitchen occupies 4 walls and has many similarities with the U-shaped model. Here, the work triangle is also located between 4 and 8 metres and corner cabinets are usually installed to make full use of the space.
The shortest area is usually a bracket or bar and its use has different aspects. On the one hand, it increases storage space. Large drawers for kitchen utensils or cupboards to expand the pantry can be placed on this bar.
The second function can turn this corbel into an ideal area for breakfasts or lunches. High stools can be provided to facilitate this activity.
Finally, it provides a dividing point between spaces but at the same time facilitates visual contact and conversation between kitchen and living room users.
Among the different types of kitchens, the island model is undoubtedly the most spectacular and attractive. It usually occupies 1 or 2 walls and has a central space known as an island.
It is clear that the installation of a kitchen with an island requires a large space and is, so to speak, a large or very large kitchen. The element of the island is very attractive but it should be placed at least 90 cm away from the line of cupboards next to the wall.
There are 3 different options.
Support island. This is an uncluttered worktop that is mainly used for storage. The depth of the units can be up to 60 cm on one side and 30 cm on the other. The total width of the island is around 120 cm.
Cooking or washing island. In this case, the island has either the cooking area or the sink. These elements usually have a width of 60 cm with a separation between them of another 60 cm. On the sides, it is advisable to leave a space of 30 cm up to the edge of the island. Finally, do not forget to install the extractor hood over the hob.
Breakfast island. This type of island adds a bar or space for lunch to the 2 previous models. With the placement of some stools, the space is perfectly fitted out.
Molins Design helps you to build the kitchen of your dreams
Kitchen designs are one of Molins Design’s specialities. We have a lot of experience in the reform of these spaces and they always occupy a privileged place in our interior design projects.
Once again, the best advice when it comes to deciding what type of kitchen is best for our future home is to put yourself in the hands of professionals.
At Molins we are experts in architecture, decoration and interior design and we offer customised solutions so that you can enjoy a dream kitchen.
26 October 2023